According to an assessment by the government’s AGEE stat working group as well as the Federal Environment Agency (UBA), the usage of renewable energy sources grew throughout the power and heating sectors in the year 2020, and most notably in the transportation field. Germany met its commitment under the EU’s Renewable Energy Directive of 2009, which requires a share of 18% renewables in gross final energy consumption by the year 2020, with a total share of 19.3% renewables in the gross final energy consumption.
Due to an improvement in the greenhouse gas mitigation quota from 4% to 6%, more biofuels (particularly biodiesel) were utilized in the transportation sector last year, whereas conventional fuels were used less. As a result, renewables’ share of the energy mix increased from 5.6 percent in 2010 to 7.3% in the year 2020. Another reason was the increasing influence of clean energy in the transportation market. The usage of green energy (including for trains) rose by almost 10% as the number of electric vehicles tripled to more than 194,000 in 2019. Overall, electricity produced from renewable sources accounted for around 12% of total renewable energy use in the transportation market.
Renewables now account for 45.4 percent of total energy demand, rising from 42% in 2019. The output of renewable heating and cooling dropped marginally in the heating market, where the renewables portion has been stagnant for years. According to the report, the renewables share increased marginally from 15 to 15.2 percent due to warm weather and decreased heat use by industry during coronavirus lockdowns.
According to the study, green energy sources avoided the emission of about 227 million tonnes of CO2 equivalents. Renewable energy investments rose by a smidgeon to 11 billion euros. Farm service, upkeep, and income from the export of biofuels brought in another 18.2 billion euros.
Despite the green energy usage shares, many analysts are concerned that a delay in constructing new renewable installations, especially onshore wind turbines, would leave Germany unable to meet the demand for clean energy in the transportation and heating sectors. Climate Alliance Germany NGOs have requested that by 2030, a share of renewables in power usage of 75 percent must be the goal.
They propose additional incentives and a grand plan for further wind power growth to do this. As Germany’s federal parliament approved the current revision of the Renewable Energy Act, which mandates auctions and financing for renewable energy projects, it also decided to revisit ability goals by the completion of March 2021 and, if possible, change them to meet higher renewable energy demand and the EU’s more stringent climate goals. Due to a bribery controversy involving energy lawmakers from Chancellor Angela Merkel’s CDU bloc, this procedure has been postponed.