Senior MPs have stated that problems with launching further green energy initiatives in Wales must be solved immediately if climate change objectives are to be met. A shift to renewable energy is being slowed by a lack of financing, experienced employees, and space on the power lines. The Welsh Affairs Committee of Parliament is requesting a detailed action plan from United Kingdom ministers. The UK government stated that it had made significant investments in “bold ambitions for renewables” across the country. The Welsh government has established a goal of net-zero emissions by the year 2050 but has stated that it will need help from the UK government to achieve this. According to the cross-party committee, Wales might be a pioneer in generating sustainable energy as coal and gas plants are phased out because it has plenty of wind, rain, and sea on three sides.
There were about 72,834 renewable energy initiatives in operation in 2019, up 3,841 from 2018. They only account for 26.9% of total power generation in Wales, compared to 61.1 percent in Scotland, 44.6 percent in Northern Ireland, and 33 percent in England. MPs are concerned that if hurdles are not removed, renewable energy companies will bypass Wales. Grid capacity has been a source of frustration for the sector for years, particularly in locations like mid-Wales, where it “seriously hinders renewable energy development.” Because of the high expense of replacing electrical lines, developments are being postponed or reduced.
The committee recommended that the UK government collaborate with energy authority Ofgem to plan further grid investment. To support the development of large offshore wind farms and additional innovative marine energy plans, port infrastructure must be improved. There are also suggestions for a new strategy to how the Crown Estate manages access to the seabed to more frequent leasing opportunities. However, this will undoubtedly be met with opposition from animal and environmental groups. With demonstration zones off the coasts of Pembrokeshire and Anglesey, Wales has many possibilities when it comes to producing electricity from the sea.
Wave and tidal systems, in particular, are being held back, according to the report, due to gaps in subsidies granted to get initiatives off the ground. According to the committee, failure to tackle this could jeopardize the development of an industry worth £4 billion to the UK economy. According to the director of the Renewable UK Cymru, Rhys Wyn Jones, Wales will not “reach net-zero, decarbonize our society, and unleash the skills and opportunities that will truly drive the Welsh economy” without crucial infrastructure investment.
Awel Aman Tawe, which is a community energy initiative on Mynydd y Gwrhyd, which is north of Swansea, has already constructed two wind turbines, generating enough renewable energy for over 2,500 houses. However, manager Dan McCallum stated plans to build three more had been halted due to “unviable” £3 million grid connection cost. “We all desire to move forward,” he continued, “but we can’t move forward unless we can see the grid expense is affordable.”